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Interpreting SCSI sense codes in VMware ESXi and ESX (289902)

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Details

  • In the vmkernel or messages system log files on an ESXi/ESX 3.5 host, you see entries similar to:

    • WARNING: SCSI: 5663: vmhba0:0:1:1 status = 0/8 0x0 0x0 0x0
    • StorageMonitor: 196: vmhba1:1:6:0 status = 0/1 0x0 0x0 0x0

    Note: In some versions of ESX 3.5, the advanced option Scsi.PrintCmdErrors must be enabled to view the sense codes.

  • In the vmkernel or messages system log files on an ESXi/ESX 4.x host, you see entries similar to:

    NMP: nmp_CompleteCommandForPath: Command 0x28 (0x4100060b6200) to NMP device "naa.600601608c121200f80d33192b62dd11" failed on physical path "vmhba2:C0:T0:L4" H:0x8 D:0x0 P:0x0 Possible sense data: 0x0 0x0 0x0.

  • In the vmkernel.log system log file from an ESXi 5.0 host, you see entries similar to:

    • 2011-04-04T21:07:30.257Z cpu2:2050)ScsiDeviceIO: 2315: Cmd(0x4124003edb00) 0x12, CmdSN 0x51 to dev "naa.600508e000000000c9f6baa7c19f6900" failed H:0x0 D:0x2 P:0x0 Valid sense data: 0x5 0x24 0x0.
    • Mar 9 23:53:24 esx405 vmkernel: 2:14:39:54.069 cpu3:4300)ScsiDeviceIO: 1688: Command 0x28 to device "naa.60000970000292600219533031453245" failed H:0x1 D:0x0 P:0x3 Possible sense data: 0x0 0x0 0x0.

Solution

Note: This document is only for informational purposes. It does not reflect an issue with any VMware product.

SCSI status codes recorded in the ESXi/ESX logs indicate I/O has failed with a given status. This condition may be temporary, transient, benign, or fatal for any given workload depending on the status received. The meaning of the status should be determined by consulting the T10 standards documentation. Some SCSI status codes, when received by an ESXi/ESX host, prompt path failover. For more information, see SCSI events that can trigger ESX server to fail a LUN over to another path (1003433).

Isolate the SCSI events, and focus on the hexadecimal values:

0/8 0x0 0x0 0x0

H:0x8 D:0x0 P:0x0 Possible sense data: 0x0 0x0 0x0


Use the legend and links below to determine the status of the host and devices during the SCSI event:

For ESXi/ESX 3.5 and versions earlier than Update 5:

A/B 0xCC 0xDD 0xEE

A = SCSI Device Status (Target)

B = SCSI Host Status (Initiator)

CC = SCSI Sense Key

DD = Additional Sense Code

EE = Additional Sense Code Qualifier


For ESXi/ESX 3.5 U5 and ESXi/ESX 4.0 and later versions:

H:0xA D:0xB P:0xC Possible sense data: 0xD 0xE 0xF

A = Host status (Initiator)

B = Device Status (Target)

C = Plugin (VMware Specific)

D = Sense Key

E = Additional Sense Code

F = Additional Sense Code Qualifier


The information below is from T10 and the Linux Documentation Project which explains the sense codes above. T10 operates under INCITS and is responsible for SCSI Storage Interfaces. Its principal work is the Small Computer System Interface (SCSI), including the family of SCSI-3 projects. These codes are not VMware specific, but are based on SCSI standards. For more information, see Introduction to T10.

Note: The preceding link was correct as of March 11, 2015. If you find the link is broken, provide feedback and a VMware employee will update the link.

SCSI Host codes

These codes potentially come from the firmware on a host adapter or from one of several hosts that an adapter driver controls. The host_status field has the values listed below whose #defines mimic those which are only visible within the kernel (with the SG_ERR_ removed from the front of each define). A copy of these defines can be found in sg_err.h (see Appendix A):

SG_ERR_DID_OK
[0x00]
NO error
SG_ERR_DID_NO_CONNECT
[0x01]
Couldn't connect before timeout period
SG_ERR_DID_BUS_BUSY
[0x02]
BUS stayed busy through time out period
SG_ERR_DID_TIME_OUT
[0x03]
TIMED OUT for other reason (often this an unexpected device selection timeout)
SG_ERR_DID_BAD_TARGET
[0x04]
BAD target, device not responding?
SG_ERR_DID_ABORT
[0x05]
Told to abort for some other reason.
SG_ERR_DID_PARITY
[0x06]
Parity error. Older SCSI parallel buses have a parity bit for error detection. This probably indicates a cable or termination problem.
SG_ERR_DID_ERROR
[0x07]
Internal error detected in the host adapter.
SG_ERR_DID_RESET
[0x08]
The SCSI bus (or this device) has been reset. Any SCSI device on a SCSI bus is capable of instigating a reset.
SG_ERR_DID_BAD_INTR
[0x09]
Got an interrupt we weren't expecting
SG_ERR_DID_PASSTHROUGH
[0x0a]
Force command past mid-layer
SG_ERR_DID_SOFT_ERROR
[0x0b]
The low level driver wants a retry

For more information, see The Linux SCSI Generic (sg) HOWTO.

Note: The preceding links were correct as of March 11, 2015. If you find the link is broken, provide feedback and a VMware employee will update the link.

For more information on SCSI host codes, see Understanding SCSI host-side NMP errors/conditions in ESX 4.x and ESXi 5.x (1029039).

SCSI Device/Status codes

SCSI Status codes appear in the Status byte returned when the processing of a command completes. The code values are assigned by the T10 committee. The information on this page was accurate as of 20 August 2007. (Do not be concerned if this date looks old, as the Status code assignments change very infrequently.) For more information on Status codes, consult the latest revision of SAM-x.
Code Name

00h  GOOD
02h  CHECK CONDITION
04h  CONDITION MET
08h  BUSY
18h  RESERVATION CONFLICT
28h  TASK SET FULL
30h  ACA ACTIVE
40h  TASK ABORTED
For more information, see SCSI Status Codes.

Note: The preceding link was correct as of March 11, 2015. If you find the link is broken, provide feedback and a VMware employee will update the link.

Note: Hexadecimal numbers in the T10 documentation use the NNNh notation, whereas SCSI status codes logged to the ESX host use the equivalent 0xNNN notation; for example, 0x2 == 02h.

For additional information on SCSI device codes, see Understanding SCSI device/target NMP errors/conditions in ESX/ESXi 4.x and ESXi 5.0 (1030381).

SCSI Sense Keys

SCSI Sense Keys appear in the Sense Data available when a command returns with a CHECK CONDITION status. The sense key contains all the information necessary to understand why the command has failed.
Code Name

0h   NO SENSE
1h   RECOVERED ERROR
2h   NOT READY
3h   MEDIUM ERROR
4h   HARDWARE ERROR
5h   ILLEGAL REQUEST
6h   UNIT ATTENTION
7h   DATA PROTECT
8h   BLANK CHECK
9h   VENDOR SPECIFIC
Ah   COPY ABORTED
Bh   ABORTED COMMAND
Dh   VOLUME OVERFLOW
Eh   MISCOMPARE
For more information, see SCSI Sense Keys.

Note: The preceding link was correct as of March 11, 2015. If you find the link is broken, provide feedback and a VMware employee will update the link.

Note: Hexadecimal numbers in the T10 documentation use the NNNh notation, whereas SCSI status codes logged to the ESX host use the equivalent 0xNNN notation; for example, 0x2 == 02h.

SCSI Additional Sense Data

SCSI Additional Sense Data takes the form of two value encoded bytes in the sense data, typically returned by the REQUEST SENSE command. The additional sense code (ASC) byte indicates information about the error exception reported in the sense key field. The additional sense code qualifier (ASCQ) indicates detailed information related to the additional sense code. See the clause describing the REQUEST SENSE command in the SCSI Primary Commands - 3 (SPC-3) draft standard for more information about sense data.

|-> ASC value (in hexadecimal)
||
|| |-> ASCQ value (in hexadecimal)
|| ||
|| || |-> Codes identifying devices that may use the ASC/ASCQ pair
|| || |-> value. (See list of device code letters below.)
|| || |
|| || | | |-> Error or exception indicated by the
|| || | | |-> ASC/ASCQ pair value.
|| || |------------| |------------------------------------------|

04/00 DTLPWROMAEBKVF LOGICAL UNIT NOT READY, CAUSE NOT REPORTABLE
04/01 DTLPWROMAEBKVF LOGICAL UNIT IS IN PROCESS OF BECOMING READY
04/02 DTLPWROMAEBKVF LOGICAL UNIT NOT READY, INITIALIZING COMMAND REQUIRED
04/03 DTLPWROMAEBKVF LOGICAL UNIT NOT READY, MANUAL INTERVENTION REQUIRED


For more information, see SCSI Additional Sense Data.

Note: The preceding link was correct as of March 11, 2015. If you find the link is broken, provide feedback and a VMware employee will update the link.

VMware plug-in transfer codes

For a list of SCSI plug-in NMP conditions and error codes, see Understanding SCSI plug-in NMP errors/conditions in ESX/ESXi 4.x/5.x/6.0 (2004086)

Additional Information

For translated versions of this article, see:

Tags

scsi-status-code

Update History

10/05/2010 - Edited the text to explain about the scsi error codes 11/30/2010 - Added /var/log/messages for ESXi hosts in each section 06/22/2011 - Added note to indicate that the 0xN and 0Nh notation is the same to both extracts of the T10 documentation 05/24/2012 - Added information about VMware plug-in transfer codes 06/22/2012 - Updated the versions under Solution For ESX/ESXi 3.5 U5 and earlier and ESX/ESXi 3,5 U5 and ESX/ESXi 4.x and later 11/13/2012 - Added ESXi 5.1 to products 03/12/2015 - Added ESXi 6.0 to Products.

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