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Understanding vSAN Datastore Encryption vs. VMcrypt Encryption (2148947)

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Purpose

When using VMware vSAN, there are two choices for data encryption of Virtual Machine (VM) data. VM data can be encrypted using vSAN whole-datastore encryption or VMware's VMcrypt solution. There are important differences between these two methods, and this article will compare both encryption solutions.

Resolution

vSAN datastore encryption and VMcrypt VM encryption vary in several key areas. Please see the following table for a feature comparison.

Feature/Function
vSAN Encryption
VMcrypt Encryption
Uses an external key-management server (KMS)


Per-VM Encryption
X
Whole-datastore encryption
X
Data-at-rest encryption
End-to-end encryption
X
VMs encrypted by Placement on datastore
Storage Policy
Encryption occurs*
After deduplication
Before deduplication

* While VMcrypt and vSAN are mutually compatible, VMcrypt writes an encrypted data stream whereas vSAN encryption receives an unencrypted data stream and encrypts it during the write process. As the encrypted data written by VMcrypt (or any other end-to-end encryption scheme) appears to be random, it does not deduplicate well. If using VMcrypt with vSAN deduplication, expect deduplication efficiency to approach zero for encrypted VMs. If both encryption and high deduplication efficiency are required, use vSAN whole-datastore encryption.

See Also

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