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Changing the default VMware vCenter Server Appliance 5.1 and 5.5 database password (2056968)

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This article provide steps to change the default password of VMware vCenter Server Appliance database when required or if the password is compromised.


To change the default password:

  1. Change the embedded database password:

    1. Connect to the vCenter Server Appliance using SSH.
    2. Open the embedded_db.cfg file by running this command:

      vi /etc/vmware-vpx/embedded_db.cfg

    3. In the file, locate EMB_DB_'PASSWORD' and change the password between the single quotation marks.
    4. Open the /etc/vmware-vpx/ file for editing with the following command:

      vi /etc/vmware-vpx/

    5. Change the database password listed here.

  2. Change the password for the vc and postgres database users:

    1. Connect to the vPostgres database for SQL execution by running this command:

      /opt/vmware/vpostgres/current/bin/psql -d VCDB -U postgres

    2. Run these SQL statements to change the passwords for the vc and postgres users:

      alter user postgres with password 'new-password';
      alter user vc with password 'new-password';

    3. Exit the database by running this command:


    4. Open the .pgpass file by running this command:

      vi /root/.pgpass

    5. Modify the .pgpass file with the new password:


  3. Change the postgres database password:

    1. Change the password for the vPostgres database by running this command:

      passwd postgres

    2. Type the new password.
    3. Retype the new password.

  4. Update the encrypted password in the vpxd.cfg file by running this command:

    /usr/sbin/vpxd -p

  5. Enter the password when prompted.
  6. Run this command to restart the vpxd service:

    /etc/init.d/vmware-vpxd restart

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