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Operational Limits for SRM 5.1 and 5.5 and vSphere Replication 5.1 and 5.5 (2034768)

Details

Different limits apply to the numbers of virtual machines that you can protect using SRM, depending on whether you use array-based replication, vSphere Replication, or a combination of both. Limits also apply if you use vSphere Replication independently of SRM.

Solution

 

SRM Protection Limits for Array-Based Replication

Limits apply across both sites, for both unidirectional and bidirectional protection. If you establish bidirectional protection, in which site B serves as the recovery site for site A and at the same time site A serves as the recovery site for site B, limits apply across both sites, and not per site. If you are using array-based replication for bidirectional protection, you can protect a total of 1,000 virtual machines across both sites, or 1,500 virtual machines if you use SRM 5.5 with ESXi 5.5, Patch Release ESXi550-201312001 or SRM 5.5.1 with ESXi 5.5u1 or later. 

In a bidirectional implementation, you can protect a different number of virtual machines on each site, but the total number of protected virtual machines across both sites cannot exceed these limits. For example, you can protect the following numbers of virtual machines, depending on which version of SRM and ESXi Server you run, and whether you establish unidirectional or bidirectional protection:
 
  • Unidirectional protection using SRM 5.1 and 5.5 with ESXi Server 5.5.0 or earlier: 1,000 virtual machines from site A to site B.
  • Unidirectional protection using SRM 5.5 with ESXi 5.5, Patch Release ESXi550-201312001 or SRM 5.5.1 with ESXi 5.5u1 or later: 1,500 virtual machines from site A to site B.
  • Bidirectional protection using SRM 5.1 and 5.5 with ESXi Server 5.5.0 or earlier: 400 virtual machines from site B to site A and 600 virtual machines from site A to site B, for a total of 1000 virtual machines.  
  • Bidirectional protection using SRM 5.5 with ESXi 5.5, Patch Release ESXi550-201312001 or SRM 5.5.1 with ESXi 5.5u1 or later: 1000 virtual machines from site B to site A and 500 virtual machines from site A to site B, for a total of 1500 virtual machines. 

For details of ESXi 5.5, Patch Release ESXi550-201312001, see VMware ESXi 5.5, Patch Release ESXi550-201312001 (2063795).

SRM Protection Limits for Array-Based Replication:
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           
Item
Maximums
SRM 5.1.x + ESXi ≤5.1.x
SRM 5.5.x + ESXi 5.5.0
SRM 5.5.0 + ESXi 5.5.0 with Patch Release ESXi550-201312001
SRM 5.5.1 + ESXi ≥5.5u1
Protected virtual machines per protection group
500
500
500
500
Total number of protected virtual machines
1000 *
1000 *
1500 
1500 
Protection groups per recovery plan
250 *
250 *
250
250
Recovery plans
250
250
250
250
Datastore groups
255 *
255 *
255
255
Concurrent recovery plans
10
10
10
10

* Refer to Limitations to Using SRM with Array-Based Replication in Large-Scale Environments (2059498).

SRM Protection Limits for vSphere Replication Protection

Limits apply across both sites, for both unidirectional and bidirectional protection. If you establish bidirectional protection, in which site B serves as the recovery site for site A and at the same time site A serves as the recovery site for site B, these limits apply across both sites, and not per site. For example, if you are using vSphere Replication for bidirectional protection, you can protect a total of 500 virtual machines across both sites. In a bidirectional implementation, you can protect a different number of virtual machines on each site, but the total number of protected virtual machines across both sites cannot exceed 500. 
  • Unidirectional protection with vSphere Replication 5.1 or 5.5: 200 virtual machines from site A to site B.
  • Bidirectional protection with vSphere Replication 5.1 and 5.5: 200 virtual machines from site B to site A and 300 virtual machines from site A to site B.

SRM Protection Limits for vSphere Replication Protection:
                                                                                                                                                   
Item
Maximums (all 5.1.x - 5.5.x releases)
Protected virtual machines per protection group
500
Total number of protected virtual machines
500
Protection groups per recovery plan
250
Recovery plans
250
Concurrent recovery plans
10

Combined Array-Based and vSphere Replication Protection Limits with SRM

With SRM, you can run array-based protection groups alongside vSphere Replication protection groups in the same SRM Server. However, the total number of protection groups cannot exceed 250. For example, you cannot create 150 array-based protection groups and then create 250 vSphere Replication protection groups, as this creates 400 protection groups in total. If you have 150 array-based protection groups, you can create an additional 100 vSphere Replication protection groups, to make a total of 250 protection groups.

Similarly, in a combined array-based and vSphere Replication setup, you can protect a maximum of 1000 virtual machines in total per SRM Server, or 1500 virtual machines if you use SRM 5.5 with ESXi 5.5, Patch Release ESXi550-201312001 or SRM 5.5.1 with ESXi 5.5u1 or later. If you establish bidirectional protection, in which site B serves as the recovery site for site A and at the same time site A serves as the recovery site for site B, this limit applies across both sites, and not per site.

You must remember that each replication type has a different maximum limit. The protection limit for array-based replication is 1000 virtual machines, or 1500 virtual machines if you use SRM 5.5 with ESXi 5.5, Patch Release ESXi550-201312001 or SRM 5.5.1 with ESXi 5.5u1 or later. The protection limit for vSphere Replication is 500 virtual machines. However, the maximum number of virtual machines that you can protect by using a combination of array-based and vSphere Replication is still 1000, or 1500 if you use SRM 5.5 with ESXi 5.5, Patch Release ESXi550-201312001 or SRM 5.5.1 with ESXi 5.5u1 or later. Consequently:
     
  • If you are using SRM 5.1 or SRM 5.5 with ESXi Server 5.5.0 or earlier, you cannot protect 1000 virtual machines with array-based replication and an also protect an additional 500 virtual machines with vSphere Replication. This results in a total of 1500 protected virtual machines, which exceeds the maximum limit of 1000 virtual machines for that configuration.   
  • If you are using SRM 5.5 with ESXi 5.5, Patch Release ESXi550-201312001, or SRM 5.5.1 with ESXi 5.5u1 or later you cannot protect 1500 virtual machines with array-based replication and an also protect an additional 500 virtual machines with vSphere Replication. This results in a total of 2000 protected virtual machines, which exceeds the maximum limit of 1500 virtual machines for that configuration. 
As an example of a supported implementation with SRM 5.1 or SRM 5.5 with ESXi Server 5.5.0 or earlier, you could use array-based replication to protect 500 virtual machines and vSphere Replication to protect 500 virtual machines. Alternatively, you could use array-based replication to protect 900 virtual machines and vSphere Replication to protect 100 virtual machines. The combined total of virtual machines that you protect using array-based replication and vSphere Replication does not exceed 1000.

As an example of a supported implementation with SRM 5.5 with ESXi 5.5, Patch Release ESXi550-201312001 or SRM 5.5.1 with ESXi 5.5u1 or later you could use array-based replication to protect 1000 virtual machines and vSphere Replication to protect 500 virtual machines. Alternatively, you could use array-based replication to protect 1200 virtual machines and vSphere Replication to protect 300 virtual machines. The combined total of virtual machines that you protect using array-based replication and vSphere Replication does not exceed 1500.

For details of ESXi 5.5, Patch Release ESXi550-201312001, see VMware ESXi 5.5, Patch Release ESXi550-201312001 (2063795).

Combined Array-Based and vSphere Replication Protection Limits with SRM:                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         
Item
Maximums
SRM 5.1.x + ESXi ≤5.1.x
SRM 5.5.x + ESXi 5.5.0
SRM 5.5.0 + ESXi 5.5.0 with Patch Release ESXi550-201312001
SRM 5.5.1 + ESXi ≥5.5u1
Protected virtual machines per protection group
500
500
500
500
Maximum number of virtual machines protected by array-based protection
1000 * 
1000 * 
1500 
1500 
Maximum number of virtual machines protected by vSphere Replication
500
500
500
500
Maximum total number of protected virtual machines (array-based replication + vSphere Replication)
1000 *
1000 *
1500
1500
Protection groups per recovery plan
250 *
250 *
250 *
250 *
Recovery plans
250
250
250
250
Concurrent recovery plans
10
10
10
10

* Refer to Limitations to Using SRM with Array-Based Replication in Large-Scale Environments (2059498).

Deployment Limits for vSphere Replication with SRM

SRM 5.0.x included vSphere Replication 1.0.x. In vSphere Replication 1.0.x, you deployed a vSphere Replication management server and one or more vSphere Replication servers separately. The vSphere Replication management server manages the vSphere Replication infrastructure and the vSphere Replication servers handle the replication of virtual machines. In SRM 5.1 and later, you deploy vSphere Replication as a single combined appliance that contains a vSphere Replication management server and a vSphere Replication server that is automatically registered with the vSphere Replication management server. With SRM 5.1 and later, you can deploy and register additional vSphere Replication servers to balance the replication load across your virtual infrastructure. You can deploy up to 9 additional vSphere Replication servers per vSphere Replication appliance, to make a total of 10 vSphere Replication servers per vSphere Replication appliance. For more information, see Deploy an Additional vSphere Replication Server in Site Recovery Manager Installation and Configuration.

If you use vSphere Replication independently of SRM, you cannot deploy additional vSphere Replication servers. If you use vSphere Replication independently of SRM, the vSphere Replication appliance, with its single vSphere Replication server, supports a maximum of 500 replication schedules. When using vSphere Replication with SRM, the maximum number of replication schedules per vSphere Replication appliance is also 500. However, when using vSphere Replication with SRM, you should not exceed 100 replication schedules per vSphere Replication server. This limit applies to the vSphere Replication server that is embedded in the vSphere Replication appliance as well as to any additional vSphere Replication servers that you deploy. So, if you want to use vSphere Replication with SRM to replicate more than 100 virtual machines, you must deploy additional vSphere Replication servers. How you distribute the replication schedules across the vSphere Replication servers is unimportant, as long as no single vSphere Replication server has more than 100 replication schedules and the total number of replication schedules for the vSphere Replication appliance does not exceed 500.

For example, with SRM you can deploy 4 additional vSphere Replication servers, to make a total of 5 vSphere Replication servers registered with a vSphere Replication appliance. Each vSphere Replication server can handle 100 replication schedules, to make a total of 500 replication schedules. As another example, you can deploy 9 additional vSphere Replication servers, to make a total of 10 vSphere Replication servers (the maximum). One vSphere Replication server can handle 100 replication schedules (the maximum), 8 vSphere Replication servers can each handle 45 replication schedules, and one vSphere Replication server can handle 40 replication schedules.

Deployment Limits for vSphere Replication with SRM:
                                                                                                       
Item
Maximums (all 5.1.x - 5.5.x releases)
       
vSphere Replication servers registered to a vSphere Replication appliance, including the embedded vSphere Replication server
10
Virtual machine replication schedules per vSphere Replication server
100
Maximum number of virtual machines protected by vSphere Replication
500

Limits for Using vSphere Replication Independently of SRM

If you use vSphere Replication 5.1 independently of SRM, you cannot deploy additional vSphere Replication servers. You can deploy additional vSphere Replication servers with vSphere Replication 5.5. The maximum number of virtual machines that you can protect using vSphere Replication without SRM is 500 per vSphere Replication appliance, even if you deploy additional vSphere Replication servers with vSphere Replication 5.5. If you establish bidirectional protection, in which site A serves as the recovery site for site B and at the same time site B serves as the recovery site for site A, these limits apply across both sites. If you are using vSphere Replication for bidirectional protection, you can protect a total of 500 virtual machines across both sites.

However, it is possible to create a vSphere Replication setup with more than two sites, in which each site has a vCenter Server instance and a vSphere Replication appliance. If you have more than two sites, you can protect more than 500 virtual machines. For example, you can create a setup with three sites, Site A, Site B, and Site C:
     
  • Site A replicates 250 virtual machines to Site B   
  • Site A replicates 250 virtual machines to Site C   
  • Site B replicates 250 virtual machines to Site C 
In this example, the total number of replicated virtual machines is 750, but each site only handles 500 replications:
     
  • Site A has no incoming replications and 500 outgoing replications   
  • Site B has 250 incoming replications and 250 outgoing replications   
  • Site C has 500 incoming replications and no outgoing replications 
By setting up more than two vSphere Replication sites, in which no individual site exceeds 500 replications, the total number of replications can be greater than 500.

Limits for Using vSphere Replication Independently of SRM:
                                                                                               
Item
Maximums (all 5.1.x - 5.5.x releases)
vSphere Replication appliances per vCenter Server instance
1
vSphere Replication servers registered to a vSphere Replication appliance, including the embedded vSphere Replication server (vSphere Replication 5.5 only)
10
Maximum number of protected virtual machines per vSphere Replication appliance
500

Additional Information

For translated versions of this article, see:

Update History

12/20/2012 - Added link to Japanese translation.

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