Knowledge Base

The VMware Knowledge Base provides support solutions, error messages and troubleshooting guides
 
Search the VMware Knowledge Base (KB)   View by Article ID
 

Enabling vSphere Distributed Switch health check in the vSphere Web Client (2032878)

Purpose

This article provides information on and steps to enable the vSphere Distributed Switch health check in the vSphere Web Client.
 
Note: For more information, see the vSphere Networking Guide. This guide contains definitive information. If there is a discrepancy between the guide and the article, assume the guide is correct.

Resolution


The network configuration for the vSphere infrastructure is a two-step process, whereby users must configure the physical network switches to which the vSphere host is connected and then configure the VDS. There are key network parameters, such as VLAN, network adapter teaming, and MTU, that should be configured properly on physical and virtual switches.

However, there are occasions when there are network connectivity issues in the user environment because these parameters are not configured properly. Network connectivity issues caused by configuration errors are often difficult to identify. This particularly is the case in an organization where the network administrators and vSphere administrators take management ownership of physical network switches and vSphere hosts respectively. In earlier versions of vSphere, there were no tools available that could help resolve such misconfigurations across the physical and virtual switches.

These are some of the common configuration errors that health check identifies:
  • Mismatched VLAN trunks between a vSphere distributed switch and physical switch.
  • Mismatched MTU settings between physical network adapters, distributed switches, and physical switch ports.
  • Mismatched virtual switch teaming policies for the physical switch port-channel settings.
The network health check in vSphere 5.1/5.5 monitors the following three network parameters at regular intervals:
  • VLAN – Checks whether vSphere distributed switch VLAN settings match trunk port configuration on the adjacent physical switch ports.

  • MTU – Checks whether the physical access switch port MTU setting based on per VLAN matches the vSphere distributed switch MTU setting.

  • Network adapter teaming – Checks whether the physical access switch ports EtherChannel setting matches the distributed switch distributed port group IP Hash teaming policy settings.

The default interval for performing the configuration check is one minute. At this regular interval, layer 2 Ethernet probing packets are sent and received across the physical uplink interfaces of the VDS. Depending on the configuration of the network device, which is connected directly to the VDS through the physical uplink interfaces, REQ and ACK packets are received or dropped. When packets are dropped, it indicates that there is a configuration issue and a warning is displayed in the vSphere Web Client view.

For the network health check feature to work, ensure that these requirements are met:

  • VLAN and MTU check – There must be at least two physical uplinks connected to the VDS.
  • Teaming policy check – There must be at least two active uplinks in the teaming and at least two hosts in
    the VDS. 

For more information regarding limitations, see Network health check feature limitations in vSphere 5.1 and 5.5 (2034795).

Enabling or disabling the vSphere Distributed Switch health check in the vSphere Web Client

Notes:

  • Health check monitors for changes in vSphere distributed switch configurations. You must enable vSphere distributed switch health check to perform checks on distributed switch configurations.
  • Health check is available only in ESXi 5.1 and later distributed switches. You can view health check information only through the vSphere Web Client 5.1 or later.

To enable or disable vSphere Distributed Switch health check in the vSphere Web Client:

  1. Browse to a vSphere distributed switch in the vSphere Web Client.
  2. Click the Manage tab.
  3. Click Settings and then click Health check.
  4. To enable or disable health check, click Edit.
  5. Select from the dropdown to enable or disable health check options.

    The options include:
    • VLAN and MTU – Reports the status of distributed uplink ports and VLAN ranges
    • Teaming and Failover – Checks for any configuration mismatch between ESXi and the physical switch used in the teaming policy.

  6. Click OK.

Viewing the vSphere Distributed Switch health check information

Note: After enabling health check, you can view the vSphere distributed switch health check information in the vSphere Web Client.

  1. Browse to a vSphere distributed switch in the vSphere Web Client.
  2. Click the Monitor tab and click Health.
  3. In the Health Status Details section, click one of these tab to view the health status:
    • VLAN
    • MTU
    • Teaming and Failover

See Also

Update History

09/24/2013 - Updated for vSphere 5.5

Attachments

    Request a Product Feature

    To request a new product feature or to provide feedback on a VMware product, please visit the Request a Product Feature page.

    Feedback

    • 13 Ratings

    Did this article help you?
    This article resolved my issue.
    This article did not resolve my issue.
    This article helped but additional information was required to resolve my issue.
    What can we do to improve this information? (4000 or fewer characters)
    • 13 Ratings
    Actions
    KB: